Any business that wants to sustain itself in today’s fiercely competitive market will need to have a thorough understanding of its target market. So if you want to gain an insight into your target market, there is no substitute for primary research. This type of research, conducted by a primary research company obtains market data directly from the relevant sources as opposed to the secondary market, which derives data from existing, compiled data.
Primary research is also essential to understand how your target market perceives your products/services as. Let’s now delve deeper into how to conduct primary research methods to gain a better understanding of your customer persona.
How to Conduct Primary Market Research
Before conducting primary research, the first step is to identify your audience and questions or issues that you want to address through the research.
Most of the primary research companies conduct research through virtual methods. Here are different types of primary market research you can put to use.
In-depth interviews imply you need to conduct a one-to-one interview with your target audience. Now, in-depth interviews can be conducted face-to-face, via telephones, or online. The advantages of conducting this type of interview are that you gain a thorough understanding of the needs, wants, and desires of the subjects. It also helps you know how the audience perceives your offerings.
Conducting in-depth interviews is time-consuming. Hence, screen your participants carefully is very important. To screen the candidates, first, identify the characteristics you want to have in your subjects and then find the candidates based on the defined characteristics.
Prepare your questions in a way that will help you address the issues you are facing. You can also consider following up with your subjects in case you need any clarification. However, ensure you ask important questions during the first round of interviews.
In-depth interviews using virtual tools
Audio/Video tools such as Google Meet, Skype, Zoom, etc. have made it easy to conduct virtual interviews. You can also use a transcript service tool to enhance your market research. The benefit of such a tool is that it allows you to focus on your subjects rather than jotting down the notes because, after the interview, you would be able to download everything that your participant was saying.
Focus groups interview:
In focus group interviews, you interview a small group of participants that answers your questions during the same session. It’s a great way to understand consumer persona and how they interact with each other during the interview process. However, ensure that every person in the focus group is contributing meaningfully. Ask thoughtful questions to the participants and keep them on the trach to get relevant insights and feedback. Avoid injecting your own opinions into the discussions.
Ask the most important questions early and ensure the questions are answered within the time frame. Focus group interviews can also be conducted virtually, however, the only downside is that people talk over each other. Drive the discussion in a way that participants speak only when asked to. You can also use the chat feature to drive the discussion. If anyone wants to speak up, they can send a message in the chatbox.