If you are a nursing student or medical person then you must heard a term called “Gibbs Reflective Cycle”. Have you known about Gibbs Reflective model? Gibbs Reflective Cycle, Woolworths SWOT analysis or Elton Mayo’s Theory are generally covered under the study of medicine or nursing.

If you are also fed up with understanding these concepts then this blog will help you a lot. Each thing displayed under is explained by the professionals. In this post, we are going to describe Gibbs reflective cycle. Let’s get started.

History of Gibbs Reflective Cycle

In 1988, Gibbs created “Structured debriefing” to support experiential learning. He designs one continuous cycle to improve the repeated experience. Here are six major parts of Gibbs Reflective Cycle. Let’s understand each of them deeply.


To identify the real scene of any situation or condition, you need to ask some questions like:

  • What happened?
  • How it occurred?
  • Who was there when the incident took place?
  • What did people were doing when a situation or incident happened?
  • What was the outcome?

You need to remember each and every vital piece of information point to point. You don’t need to concentrate on details that are useless.


To identify the feelings you need to ask some sort of question to yourself that would help you to find out the real experience:

  • How did you feel when the incident happened?
  • What did you think in your mind while the situation happened?
  • How it impacts your emotions, values, and beliefs.
  • What about the feeling of others while the incident took place?
  • How did you feel after the incident occurred?

It is very crucial to discuss emotions honestly.


  • What sort of things that your experience regardless it was good or bad?
  • During the incident or situation, what things went well and what didn’t well?

Ask these questions to you to get evaluate the situation. How did things go? You need to evaluate the incident regardless of its positive or negative impact.


It is the fourth step of Gibbs Reflective cycle that helps you to make sense of what happened during the incident. Here is a list of questions that helps you to analyze the situation

  • Why the things got worse or good?
  • How can theory explain what happened during the incident?
  • Could I have responded in a different way?
  • What sort of things helps to improve things?

Keep in mind that this phase is vital for higher-level writing. Majorities of students got lower marks due to a lack of theory and experience together.


Ask these questions to get the conclusion of any situation or incident:

  • What I have learned to form the situation?
  • Which things can I do better?
  • Could I use any different method or technique?
  • What sort of skills do I need to improve to handle the situation better?

Action plan

The last stage helps you to improve yourself for the future. An action plan helps you to improve for next time. Here are the questions that help you to prepare an action plan.

  • How this knowledge and experience help me in any other incident?
  • How can I improve myself?
  • What sort of things will I do differently if the same incident happened again?

If you want to know more  about Gibbs Reflection Model, Woolworths SWOT Analysis, or Elton Mayo’s theory, this blog will quite helpful for you.