Experts in the biotechnological consulting firms are constantly working on figuring out ways in which biotechnology can be useful in meeting the growing demands for basic necessities, including food, energy, and health. Several life science consulting firms are proposing new ways that can potentially increase productivity and help with new jobs.
We have listed down the top five technologies that were proposed by the biotechnological experts in 2012 and were later confirmed in 2013 at the World Economic Forum.
These technologies represent the use of biotechnology in clearing the issues of ocean agriculture, personalized medicine, and waste utilization. To enable these actions and empower biotechnological growth, it is extremely important that we receive sufficient funding and public support.
Sustainable production of bio-based reserves
Human activities have led to the depletion of half of the world’s reserves of fossil hydrocarbons. These reserves are of great importance as they took over 600 million years to assemble and being nonrenewable. Extraction of fossils and their refining and use, plays an important role to human emissions of greenhouse gases and global warming. In order to ensure that human development proceeds further, a carbon-neutral must be implemented as an alternative. Biosynthesis is the technology that is the most promising; chemicals, fuels, and materials from plant can be regrown, that’s is if the production is bio-based.
Co2 as raw material
Biotechnology is composed to give solutions to alleviate the growing danger of increasing CO2 concentration. Modern technology is expanding our ability to understand how living organisms consume and utilize CO2. By cultivating the energy of following natural biological systems, scientists are engineering new ways to convert CO2 and C1 molecules into energy, fuels, chemicals, and other new materials.
Sustainable food Engineering
As our population grows, we are faced with yet another challenge: insufficient food, forcing us to produce more crops to feed the masses. Modern genetic modification of crops is helping to grow our agricultural production. In 2011, 29 countries, including 19 underdeveloped countries, grew crops based on biotechnology consulting firms on almost 400 million acres of land. When used properly, crops grown by genetic engineering can lower the use of pesticides and till which erodes the land.
Biotechnology and Ocean Agriculture
Ocean agriculture is one of the most promising technologies that has helped the world move forward with its use of photosynthesis biomass obtained from the ocean. Seawater is the main water source of our planet that covers more than 70% of the earth’s surface, and inhabitants of the land are yet to discover the benefits of the seawater. Recently, biotechnology has helped with the development of ocean agriculture and discovered halliophic bacteria that only grow in seawater and can produce fuels, chemicals, and polymeric materials.
Regenerative medicine has taken over the medical industry due to its miraculous ability to repair and repairing injured tissues and cells using tissue engineering and stem cell. Biomaterials used in both tools have helped speed up the process, now allowing doctors to replace non-functioning human organs with better ones.